Legal gender recognition

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Legal gender recognition 2024 Main Findings

In Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Hungary, North Macedonia, Monaco, Russia and San Marino, there is no legal or administrative process for legal gender recognition.

Additionally, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Russia have legal frameworks that make LGR completely impossible.

37

Trans people can legally change their names in 37 countries.

Legal gender recognition is based on self-determination in Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland.

Non-binary gender is fully recognised only in Germany and Iceland.

11

There is no age restriction for legal gender recognition in 11 countries.

Sterilisation is still a requirement for legal gender recognition in Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Hungary, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, North Macedonia, Monaco, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Slovakia and Turkey.

35

35 countries still require trans people to obtain a  ‘Gender Identity Disorder’ diagnosis or psychological opinion for legal gender recognition.

29

Medical intervention in 29 countries and surgical intervention in 20 countries are requirements.

Depathologisation is fully implemented only in Iceland and Malta.

1

Only Iceland fulfils all criteria on legal gender recognition.

Index by Criteria

The table displays the status of all criteria for each country on the rainbow map research.

  • Complies
  • Applicable in some regions only
  • Does not Comply

Below, when selecting a criterion, all countries are grouped based on their status relative to that criterion, and the map is colored in accordance.

Select a criterion

Comply

Applicable in some regions only

Do not comply