Hungary

Categories Score

The full bar chart stands for 100%, and is filled by the country category score. The colour display uses the traffic light palette, with Green representing a score closer to 100% and Red a score closer to 0%.

Each pie charts stands for a category and is divided in slices by criteria. When a country complies with a criteria – fully or in some regions – the slice is coloured.

Keep in mind the criteria have different weighting factor within a category; for example, the criteria Prohibition of medical intervention without informed consent (intersex) stands for half (2.5%) of the INTERSEX BODILY INTEGRITY category weighting factor (5%). Meaning that even if a country can only comply with this specific criteria whitin the category (1/4 total criteria) the category scores 50%.

More information on the categories and criteria weighting factors here.

ASYLUM

This category looks into laws that expressly include SOGISC as a qualification criteria for seeking asylum. We also take into account other legislation, policies, instruction or positive measures by state actors that are related to asylum addressing the needs and rights of LGBTI asylum seekers and refugees.

Civil Society Space

This category is about laws, policies and practices that allow for full exercise of freedom of assembly, association and expression for LGBTI people.

Intersex Bodily Integrity

The criteria under this category covers prohibition of any kind of surgical or medical intervention on an intersex minor before child is able to give informed consent. We additionally take into account if this prohibition is universal to all persons, establishes a monitoring mechanism and provides access to justice for victims and reparations.

Legal Gender Recognition

The category looks at laws and policies that ensure legal gender recognition for trans, non-binary and intersex people and the requirements and preconditions to access these procedures.

Hate Crime & Hate Speech

We look into laws that include sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in the hate crime and hate speech legislation as an aggravating factor. The category also takes into account the recurrent and continuing policies tackling hatred.

Equality & Non Discrimination

This category looks into effective anti-discrimination legislation that explicitly includes sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics. We also take into consideration laws and policies banning conversion practices and allowing LGBTI people to donate blood. In addition to legislation, we look into effectively working equality bodies and well-implemented action plans.

Family

This category looks into recognition and protection of LGBTI people’s family rights with consideration of laws on marriage equality, registered partnership, adoption, medically assisted insemination, and trans parenthood.

Criteria Compliance Ratio

Category & Criteria Table

The table lists detailed information and insights on legislation supporting each criterion status. Please use the filters for in-depth analysis.

n/a = not applicable, meaning the criteria didn’t exist in the previous Rainbow Map edition (PROGRESSION column)

  • Complies
  • Applicable in some regions only
  • Does not Comply
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Name of Law / Documents / Institution
Date of Adoption
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Additional Information

RECOMMENDATIONS

In order to improve the legal and policy situation of LGBTI people in Hungary, ILGA-Europe recommend:

  • Revoking the ban on legal gender recognition and developing a fair, transparent legal framework for legal gender recognition, based on a process of self-determination and free from abusive requirements (such as sterilisation, GID/medical diagnosis, surgical/medical intervention, compulsory divorce or age restriction).
  • Removing obstacles to the effective exercise of freedom of expression at national and local levels and removing legislation censoring communication about LGBTI people.
  • Tackling anti-LGBTQI public discourse.

Annual Review of Hungary

In our Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of LGBTI People in Europe and Central Asia, we examine the advances made and provide concrete examples of on-the-ground situations at national level country-by-country in the 12 months from January to December 2023.

Read our Annual Review of Hungary below for more details and stories behind the Rainbow Map. You can also download the Annual Review chapter (.pdf) covering Hungary.

The full Annual Review for 2024 is available here.

Country Score Evolution

Year

See also

Report

Our submission to the EC 2024 Rule of Law report

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Effective campaigns in support of LGBTI rights: How to avoid instrumentalisation and communicate without playing into polarisation?

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

New draft law in Hungary seeks to exculde trans women from pension benefits

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

The infringement against Hungary: Behind the scenes

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Our submission to the EC 2023 Rule of Law report

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Hungary to be Brought Before Top EU Court For its Ban on LGBTI Content

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Complaint Filed with EC Against Lack of Free Movement for Same-sex Couples in Hungary

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Anti-LGBT Hungarian Referendum is in Bad Faith, says ILGA-Europe

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

European Commission and Council should refrain from approving recovery funds to the governments of Poland and Hungary

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Our submission to the EC 2022 Rule of Law Report

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

What has 2021 meant to the LGBTI movement in Europe? Listen to our latest podcast episode to find out this year’s highlights

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

EU Holds Firm in Face of Hungary’s Blatant Lies Surrounding Anti-LGBTI Law

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Media

The frontline: Queer and the Media: with Ben Hunte

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

With today’s infringements the EU has clarified that member states can no longer act against human rights with impunity

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

5 ways you can help the Hungarian LGBTI community

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

How the new anti-LGBTI legislation in Hungary actually violates children’s rights, instead of protecting them

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

After a week of long-awaited statements and letters from EU leaders castigating the implementation of anti-LGBTI legislation in Hungary, ILGA-Europe will continue working with the institutions so that words can be translated into real action

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Europe’s leading LGBTI rights organisation calls on EU to act as Hungarian parliament adopts legislation censoring communication about LGBTI people

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Hungarian Constitutional Court has annulled new rules prohibiting legal gender recognition

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Is The EU an LGBTIQ Freedom Zone? 

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Joint statement: Dark day for LGBTI community in Hungary as homophobic discriminatory bill and constitutional amendments are passed

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

ILGA-Europe is alarmed by Hungarian Parliament’s moves to abolish the national Equal Treatment Authority

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

ILGA-Europe, TGEU and Transvanilla welcome landmark judgement from the European Court of Human Rights recognising the right of refugees to legal gender recognition

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Hungary rolls back legal protections, puts trans and intersex people at risk

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Response to Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán regarding to Article 33 of the proposed Omnibus Bill, 2020

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Letter to Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán: in regards to Article 33 of the proposed Omnibus Bill, 2020

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

#Drop33: Europe’s Two Largest Networks of LGBTI and Transgender Organisations call on Hungarian Parliament to Reject Attempts to Ban Legal Gender Recognition

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Alarming Rise in Hate Attacks on European LGBTI Communities

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Budapest court rules foreign same-sex marriages must be recognised in Hungary

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Rana v. Hungary

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

O.M. v. Hungary

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Accessing Health: Context and Challenges for LGBT People in Central & Eastern Europe

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Meeting the challenge of accession

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Equality for lesbians and gay men- a relevant issue in EU accession process

Read in ILGA Europe's website