Italy

Categories Score

The full bar chart stands for 100%, and is filled by the country category score. The colour display uses the traffic light palette, with Green representing a score closer to 100% and Red a score closer to 0%.

Each pie charts stands for a category and is divided in slices by criteria. When a country complies with a criteria – fully or in some regions – the slice is coloured.

Keep in mind the criteria have different weighting factor within a category; for example, the criteria Prohibition of medical intervention without informed consent (intersex) stands for half (2.5%) of the INTERSEX BODILY INTEGRITY category weighting factor (5%). Meaning that even if a country can only comply with this specific criteria whitin the category (1/4 total criteria) the category scores 50%.

More information on the categories and criteria weighting factors here.

ASYLUM

This category looks into laws that expressly include SOGISC as a qualification criteria for seeking asylum. We also take into account other legislation, policies, instruction or positive measures by state actors that are related to asylum addressing the needs and rights of LGBTI asylum seekers and refugees.

Civil Society Space

This category is about laws, policies and practices that allow for full exercise of freedom of assembly, association and expression for LGBTI people.

Intersex Bodily Integrity

The criteria under this category covers prohibition of any kind of surgical or medical intervention on an intersex minor before child is able to give informed consent. We additionally take into account if this prohibition is universal to all persons, establishes a monitoring mechanism and provides access to justice for victims and reparations.

Legal Gender Recognition

The category looks at laws and policies that ensure legal gender recognition for trans, non-binary and intersex people and the requirements and preconditions to access these procedures.

Hate Crime & Hate Speech

We look into laws that include sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in the hate crime and hate speech legislation as an aggravating factor. The category also takes into account the recurrent and continuing policies tackling hatred.

Equality & Non Discrimination

This category looks into effective anti-discrimination legislation that explicitly includes sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics. We also take into consideration laws and policies banning conversion practices and allowing LGBTI people to donate blood. In addition to legislation, we look into effectively working equality bodies and well-implemented action plans.

Family

This category looks into recognition and protection of LGBTI people’s family rights with consideration of laws on marriage equality, registered partnership, adoption, medically assisted insemination, and trans parenthood.

Criteria Compliance Ratio

Category & Criteria Table

The table lists detailed information and insights on legislation supporting each criterion status. Please use the filters for in-depth analysis.

n/a = not applicable, meaning the criteria didn’t exist in the previous Rainbow Map edition (PROGRESSION column)

  • Complies
  • Applicable in some regions only
  • Does not Comply
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Select Status
Select Progression
Name of Law / Documents / Institution
Date of Adoption
Date of Coming into Effect
Specific Article of Reference
Additional Information

RECOMMENDATIONS

In order to improve the legal and policy situation of LGBTI people in Italy, ILGA-Europe recommend:

  • Adopting marriage equality and allowing for automatic co-parent recognition, so that children born to couples (regardless of the partners’ sexual orientation and/or gender identity) do not face any barriers in order to be recognized legally from birth to their parents.
  • Prohibiting medical interventions on intersex minors when the intervention has no medical necessity and can be avoided or postponed until the person can provide informed consent.
  • Depathologisation of trans identities.

Annual Review of Italy

In our Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of LGBTI People in Europe and Central Asia, we examine the advances made and provide concrete examples of on-the-ground situations at national level country-by-country in the 12 months from January to December 2023.

Read our Annual Review of Italy below for more details and stories behind the Rainbow Map. You can also download the Annual Review chapter (.pdf) covering Italy.

The full Annual Review for 2024 is available here.

Country Score Evolution

Year

See also

Article

What European countries might soon start recognising non-binary people?

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Media

What the EU Election Results Will Mean for LGBTI Human Rights

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Letter to political leaders: Hate and violence against LGBTI people in Italy

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Open letter from ILGA-Europe and Italian LGBTI civil society on the occasion of the PES Election Congress in Rome

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Our submission to the EC 2024 Rule of Law report

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Attacks on LGBTI rights in Italy are human rights violations, Commissioner reports

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

JOINT STATEMENT ON HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN ITALY

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

ILGA-Europe welcomes judgement from the Court of Justice of the European Union saying that a homophobic statement on an Italian radio show constituted discrimination in employment

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Voices of ILGA-Europe: Meet Italian legal eagle, Emiliano Ganzarolli

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

European Court of Human Rights reminds Italy of obligation to protect same-sex couples

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Oliari and Others and Orlandi and Others v Italy

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Taddeucci and McCall v Italy

Read in ILGA Europe's website