Turkey

Categories Score

The full bar chart stands for 100%, and is filled by the country category score. The colour display uses the traffic light palette, with Green representing a score closer to 100% and Red a score closer to 0%.

Each pie charts stands for a category and is divided in slices by criteria. When a country complies with a criteria – fully or in some regions – the slice is coloured.

Keep in mind the criteria have different weighting factor within a category; for example, the criteria Prohibition of medical intervention without informed consent (intersex) stands for half (2.5%) of the INTERSEX BODILY INTEGRITY category weighting factor (5%). Meaning that even if a country can only comply with this specific criteria whitin the category (1/4 total criteria) the category scores 50%.

More information on the categories and criteria weighting factors here.

ASYLUM

This category looks into laws that expressly include SOGISC as a qualification criteria for seeking asylum. We also take into account other legislation, policies, instruction or positive measures by state actors that are related to asylum addressing the needs and rights of LGBTI asylum seekers and refugees.

Civil Society Space

This category is about laws, policies and practices that allow for full exercise of freedom of assembly, association and expression for LGBTI people.

Intersex Bodily Integrity

The criteria under this category covers prohibition of any kind of surgical or medical intervention on an intersex minor before child is able to give informed consent. We additionally take into account if this prohibition is universal to all persons, establishes a monitoring mechanism and provides access to justice for victims and reparations.

Legal Gender Recognition

The category looks at laws and policies that ensure legal gender recognition for trans, non-binary and intersex people and the requirements and preconditions to access these procedures.

Hate Crime & Hate Speech

We look into laws that include sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in the hate crime and hate speech legislation as an aggravating factor. The category also takes into account the recurrent and continuing policies tackling hatred.

Equality & Non Discrimination

This category looks into effective anti-discrimination legislation that explicitly includes sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics. We also take into consideration laws and policies banning conversion practices and allowing LGBTI people to donate blood. In addition to legislation, we look into effectively working equality bodies and well-implemented action plans.

Family

This category looks into recognition and protection of LGBTI people’s family rights with consideration of laws on marriage equality, registered partnership, adoption, medically assisted insemination, and trans parenthood.

Criteria Compliance Ratio

Category & Criteria Table

The table lists detailed information and insights on legislation supporting each criterion status. Please use the filters for in-depth analysis.

n/a = not applicable, meaning the criteria didn’t exist in the previous Rainbow Map edition (PROGRESSION column)

  • Complies
  • Applicable in some regions only
  • Does not Comply
Select Category
Select Criteria
Select Status
Select Progression
Name of Law / Documents / Institution
Date of Adoption
Date of Coming into Effect
Specific Article of Reference
Additional Information

RECOMMENDATIONS

In order to improve the legal and policy situation of LGBTI people in Turkey, ILGA-Europe recommend:

  • Removing obstacles to the effective exercise of freedom of assembly and association for LGBTI organisations, and ensuring state protection and the safety of LGBTI human rights defenders.
  • Removing obstacles to the effective exercise of freedom of expression at national and local levels.
  • Introducing hate crime laws that explicitly cover all bias-motivated crimes based on sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics.

Annual Review of Turkey

In our Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of LGBTI People in Europe and Central Asia, we examine the advances made and provide concrete examples of on-the-ground situations at national level country-by-country in the 12 months from January to December 2023.

Read our Annual Review of Turkey below for more details and stories behind the Rainbow Map. You can also download the Annual Review chapter (.pdf) covering Turkey.

The full Annual Review for 2024 is available here.

Country Score Evolution

Year

See also

Article

Remarkable and resilient Prides across Europe

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

EU Enlargement Review 2024

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Joint statement: Respect LGBTI+ rights in EU-Türkiye relations

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

What we can learn from LGBTI activists against all odds

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

How attacks on Pride are jeopardising Turkey’s hopes for accession to the EU

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Media

The Frontline: Behind The Rainbow Map: Activism in the Lowest Ranking Countries

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Monitoring Pride in Turkey 2023

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

EU Enlargement Review 2023

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

EU Enlargement Countries Called on to Urgently Ensure Protection of the Human Rights of LGBTI People

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

ILGA-Europe’s submission to Progress Reports of the European Commission 2021

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Enlargement Reviews – ILGA-Europe’s submissions to Progress Reports of the European Commission

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Turkey acquits 19 LGBTI+ Pride marchers, honouring fundamental human rights, domestic law, and international commitments

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Turkey acquits 19 LGBTI+ Pride marchers, honouring fundamental human rights, domestic law, and international commitments

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Joint Statement: METU Pride human rights defenders must be acquitted at upcoming trial

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

The stark situation for LGBTI rights in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Media

The Frontline: Elif Shafak and the Power of Our Stories

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

ILGA-Europe’s submission to Progress Reports of the European Commission 2020

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Turkish government steps up its attacks on LGBTI+ citizens

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Turkish court postpones trial of 19 Pride attendees, infringing their right to fair judicial process

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Turkey: 19 LGBTI Pride marchers must be acquitted in forthcoming trial

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Joint statement: The only just outcome is the acquittal of the METU Pride human rights defenders

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Turkey’s shocking Pride March trial: The story so far

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Joint Statement: End hate speech and targeted attacks against LGBTI people in Turkey

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

ILGA-EUROPE’S SUBMISSION TO PROGRESS REPORTS OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION 2019

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Turkey: Charges against 19 LGBTI+ rights defenders must be dropped

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

ILGA-EUROPE’S SUBMISSION TO PROGRESS REPORTS OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION 2018

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Istanbul Pride march must go ahead unhindered

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Article

Ankara ban on LGBTI events continues as Turkish courts reject NGO appeals

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Solmaz v. Turkey

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

ILGA-EUROPE’S SUBMISSION TO PROGRESS REPORTS OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION 2017

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

G.G. v. Turkey

Read in ILGA Europe's website
Report

Equality for lesbians and gay men- a relevant issue in EU accession process

Read in ILGA Europe's website